New species of Australoheros cichlid described

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Brazilian ichthyologist Felipe Ottoni has described a new species of Australoheros cichlid from southeastern Brazil.

Naming the new species Australoheros capixaba in the most recent issue of the journal Vertebrate Zoology, the author distinguishes the new species from congeners in having a comibination of 12 caudal vertebrae and its live colours (a reddish chest, large spots on the dorsal region of the trunk and a green iridescence on the pelvic fins).

It also differs from some of its congeners in having a longer caudal peduncle, a longer anal- fin spine, fewer dorsal-fin spines and fewer anal-fin rays.  Australoheros capixaba is known from the São Mateus, Itaúnas, Barra Seca and lower Doce river drainages in southeastern Brazil.  The species takes its name from the Brazilian idiomatic expression for people born in the state of Espírito Santo, where the fish is found.

For more information, see the paper: Ottoni, F (2010) Australoheros capixaba, a new species of Australoheros from south-eastern Brazil (Labroidei: Cichlidae: Cichlasomatinae). Vertebrate Zoology 60, pp. 19–25.